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Can you recognize this grape?

Can you recognize this grape?


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This gorgeous and sweet grape I collected in central Italy. I would like to know the name of this variety to get more information about it. I tried to compare with some pictures in Google but I am no grape/wine expert so it's really hard to figure it out for me.


Did You Know? These Grapes Grow In Pennsylvania!

Grapes can be fickle when it comes to wines. Any vintner worth his or her salt will tell you that what you need to grow great grapes is the proper vine in the right terroir. Wineries in Pennsylvania are making great vintages from the ground up, by learning about the land they’re growing on and planting accordingly.

Pennsylvania’s growing conditions vary greatly across the state, and have a big influence on the wines from each area. Eastern Pennsylvania has low elevations near the Delaware River and the Eastern Coastline. The western part of the state touches the Ohio River Valley and the southern tip of Lake Erie. In the middle are the Appalachian Mountains. And with so many climates across the state, it’s easy to see why many different wine grapes flourish in Pennsylvania.

So which grapes grow well in the Keystone State? In general, white grape varietals enjoy great success. Watch for wines made with Gewürztraminer and Riesling. These vitis vinifera, or European varieties, do well in the southeast’s loamy slopes that offer good sun exposure, drainage and airflow. Hearty and disease-resistant hybrid Vidal Blanc flourishes across all Pennsylvania’s terroir. The same goes for red grape varietals that prefer a shorter growing season, such as vitis vinifera Cabernet Franc and Merlot. French-American hybrids like Dechaunac and Traminette are also becoming popular because of how well they grow in southeastern exposures. Getting out on the wine trail and chatting with local vintners about what they’re growing is the quickest way to find out which local wines you need to taste. Your next favorite could be a sip away!

Beyond elevation and weather, soil also plays a crucial role in grape growing. Drainage, the type of soil and the topography must all be assessed. Pennsylvania’s mix of silt, loam and clay type soils make it diverse. Pennsylvania soils tend to have a higher acidity as well, presenting specific challenges.

When wineries have assessed the land and soil, and picked out the best grape varietals for their area, they still have to plant the vines—and this goes way past “plant in full sun.” Vineyards like Penns Woods Winery in Chadds Ford plant their vines in a north-south orientation with a 10-degree angle. These kinds of exacting specifications create optimal growing conditions for great grapes and superb wine.

It’s this kind of attention to detail that has garnered national and international acclaim at wine competitions. With success comes growth—Pennsylvania now boasts over 200 wineries, with more opening all the time.

Still, it’s important for more wine drinkers to begin to understand the charms of Pennsylvania wines. Gino Razzi, winemaker at Penns Woods Winery, notes, “As an industry, we must classify Pennsylvania wines within their categories like the French do—sort the profiles for the consumer and educate them on the wine that they are tasting—to distinguish the sweet from the dry and everything in between.” As Razzi proposes, classifying Pennsylvania wines will help set expectations for what style is meant to be appreciated, allowing for the true quality of the grapes to shine through.

In addition to highlighting wine profiles for the public, sometimes winemakers have to push past their own palate preferences to coax the best wine from the grapes. As Bonnie Pysher of Franklin Hill Vineyards says, “For every wine I make, there’s somebody who likes it. So I have to do the best job I can to make that the best wine. I think it’s really hard for somebody who really likes dry, robust red wines to make a sweet, fruity Concord that the public likes.” Just as the best restaurants must focus on every plate, wineries must focus on every bottle in their portfolio.

So what’s your favorite Pennsylvania wine grape? Head over to your local store so you can try some whites, reds and rosé wines to find out!


Identifying Different Varieties of Grapes

With a long history of cultivation, grape plants come in many shapes and sizes. Once you know that you're dealing with a grape plant, the next step is to determine which kind you have.

  • Next, these vines will have tendrils that help the plant climb higher and higher toward the sun.
  • For example, one plant commonly mistaken for a grape vine is the poisonous Canada Moonseed, and it does not have tendrils, even though the rest of the plant looks very similar to a grape vine.

Touch and review the leaves of the foliage on the vine. The ever-famous Concord grape vine has a teardrop-shaped leaf that encompasses the size of six to seven grapes. The Niagara grape vine has a leaf that is shaped like a maple leaf, but with jagged edges all the way around. The leaf is nearly the size of the bunch of grapes that hangs beside it. Note your findings, including the size, softness and thickness of the leaf.

Determine the colors of the leaves and berries. The Alden grape vine has yellowish-green foliage and a deep purple, almost blue-toned berry. On the contrary, the Bokay grape vine consists of white to very pale green berries and a bright green leaf.

  • Touch and review the leaves of the foliage on the vine.
  • The Niagara grape vine has a leaf that is shaped like a maple leaf, but with jagged edges all the way around.

Open a grape to see if it is a seeding variety or not. The Delight grape vine produces pale green grapes that are seedless. On the other hand, the Steuben grape vine does have seeds within the berries. Record this distinction along with the size and color evaluations you have made.

Take three pictures of your vine: during the first bloom of the year, while it is full of berries and again during dormancy. Grape vines may appear to resemble one grape variety, such as the true purple-toned Concord and Steuben, and may fool the eye. However, the foliage of the Steuben turns a strong red in the fall. This difference is valuable when determining the variety.

  • Open a grape to see if it is a seeding variety or not.
  • On the other hand, the Steuben grape vine does have seeds within the berries.

Cross reference your findings with a reputable grape information website or encyclopedia. There are many grape species and hybrids therefore a quality source will help you determine the exact cultivar of your vine. Armed with the knowledge of the grape variety growing in your yard, you can learn how to care for it to its full potential.


Why prune grapevines in summer?

While grapes are generally cut back hard in winter, or early spring, to develop their framework, now is the time to treat them gently by cutting back the thin green stems.

Proper summer pruning will allow sunlight to penetrate through the leaves to improve the color of the grapes as well as controlling disease.

Naturally, summer pruning of grapevines implies that your vines are mature enough to produce large bunches of fruit.

And it should be noted that summer pruning is not a one-off event.

In fact, it can be done multiple times throughout the season, first after flowering, then as necessary to thin the crown.


What Is Molar Pregnancy, And How Can You Recognize It?

A molar pregnancy or hydatidiform mole is an abnormal pregnancy which results from abnormal fertilization. As a consequence, the tissue that should normally form the placenta and fetus inside the uterus forms an abnormal mass of cysts. This grape-like cystic mass is called a “mole”. This is not a viable pregnancy it does not result in a living fetus.

Molar pregnancy itself is not physically dangerous but if left untreated, it can result in some serious complications including cancer. Molar pregnancy is actually a precancerous condition. If this tissue remains in the uterus for a long time, it may develop into a cancer called choriocarcinoma.

Types Of Molar Pregnancy

Hydatidiform moles can be divided into two types: a complete mole and an incomplete mole.

  • When two sperm cells fertilize an empty egg (with no genetic material), a complete mole is formed as a result. All the genetic material comes from the father's side. There is no fetal tissue in a complete mole instead a grape-like mass is formed inside the uterus.
  • When a normal egg is fertilized by two sperm cells, a partial or incomplete mole is formed as a result. There are 69 chromosomes in this embryo instead of 46. An incomplete mole has some fetal parts along with an abnormal cystic mass.

Symptoms Of Molar Pregnancy

In the beginning, a molar pregnancy causes all the typical signs and symptoms of a normal pregnancy like a missed period, morning sickness and a positive pregnancy test. The beta hCG levels are raised and uterus also increases in size. After a few weeks, a molar pregnancy causes the following signs and symptoms:

  • Bleeding from the vagina during the first trimester (bright red to dark brown in color)
  • Severe nausea and vomiting
  • The uterus will be larger than it should be in a normal pregnancy
  • Discomfort, pressure or pain in the pelvic region
  • Sometimes the grape-like cysts of the mole are passed out through the vagina
  • Symptoms of hyperthyroidism like fatigue, sweating, irregular heart beat and nervousness
  • High blood pressure can also develop in some women

Some of these symptoms are also present in a normal pregnancy and therefore the patient may perceive it as a normal pregnancy. If you are experiencing the signs and symptoms of a molar pregnancy contact your obstetrician, who will then look for the signs of a molar pregnancy like a large for date uterus, and then order some tests to confirm the diagnosis.

Most of the time, molar pregnancy is incidentally diagnosed in the first ultrasound scan of the pregnancy. This scan is usually done at 10-14 weeks in a normal pregnancy. If this scan is not done due to improper facilities or lack of awareness (in less developed regions), a molar pregnancy may go on to cause severe complications. Therefore it should be managed as early as possible.


If you are looking for foods to substitute for grapes, try to think about what the grape is used for in the recipe. Grapes contribute color, sweetness, texture, and acidity to many dishes.

Here is a quick guide to help identify alternatives to grapes and grape products.

Fresh Grapes – For an alternative to Fresh Grapes, consider one of the following:

  • Apple
  • Banana
  • Blueberry
  • Fresh Cranberry
  • Grapefruit
  • Mango
  • Orange
  • Papaya
  • Peach
  • Pear
  • Plum

Grape Juice – For an alternative to Grape Juice, consider one of the following. We recommend 100% organic juice made from a single fruit in order to reduce the chances of hidden ingredients such as other fruit juices, sweeteners, preservatives and pesticides.

  • Apple Juice
  • Blueberry Juice
  • Cranberry Juice (Not Cranberry Juice Cocktail)
  • Grapefruit Juice
  • Mango Juice
  • Orange Juice
  • Papaya Juice

Grape Leaves (Dolmades) – For an alternative to Grape Leaves, consider one of the following:

Raisins & Currants – For an alternative to Raisins and Currants, consider one or more of the following:

  • Craisins / Dried Cranberries (Be sure to read labels carefully. Some contain added sugars, are sweetened or flavored with other juices, or come in bags lined with vegetable oils.)
  • Dried Apple
  • Dried Apricot
  • Dried Mango
  • Dried Papaya

Wine – For alternatives to wine, consider one or more of the following:

  • Sparkling Apple Cider (non alcoholic)
  • Hard Cider (alcoholic)
  • Liquor made from grains (tolerance will vary based on several factors such as alcohol tolerance, histamine tolerance, and ingredients in the liquor).
  • White Vinegar (if being used in cooking to provide acid.)
  • Lemon Juice (if being used in cooking to provide acid.)

Red WineVinegar – For alternatives to Red Wine Vinegar, consider one or more of the following:

Cream of Tartar – For alternatives to Cream of Tartar, consider one or more of the following:

Grape Seed Oil – For alternatives to Grape Seed Oil, consider one or more of the following:

  • Avocado Oil
  • Soy Bean Oil
  • Corn Oil
  • Coconut Oil
  • Flax Oil
  • Butter
  • Lard
  • Tallow
  • Peanut Oil
  • Canola Oil

And there you have it. Grapes to raisins in a mere 2 months, and we watched it happen!

For the record, we didn’t eat our raisins.

They’d been sitting out, uncovered for 2 months.

I can just imagine the amount of dust harboured in each little crease and wrinkle!

If you want to eat your raisins, you may want to use this process to turn your grapes into raisins. You won’t have to worry about your grapes collecting dust with this one!


Can you recognize this grape? - Biology

TWM offers the following worksheets to keep students’ minds on the movie and direct them to the lessons that can be learned from the film.

Teachers can modify the movie worksheets to fit the needs of each class. See also TWM’s Movies as Literature Homework Project .

DESCRIPTION

Gilbert is stuck in Endora caring for his obese mother, his mentally handicapped soon-to-be-18-years-old brother, and his two sisters. He works in the local grocery store which is beginning to lose customers as townspeople drive to a large new supermarket store out on the highway. Gilbert longs for a life of his own. One day a camper with engine trouble exits the line of tourists passing through Endora. Enter Becky, a young woman with a fresh attitude toward life who is on the road with her grandmother.

The film is based on the novel by Peter Hedges, who also wrote the screenplay. As such, the film is more than just an adaptation but is an independent work of fiction on its own.

SELECTED AWARDS & CAST

Selected Awards: None.

Featured Actors: Johnny Depp as Gilbert Grape, Leonardo DiCaprio as Arnie Grape, Juliette Lewis as Becky, Darlene Cates as Momma, Mary Steenburgen as Betty Carver and Crispin Glover as Mortician.

Director: Lasse Hallstrom

BENEFITS OF THE MOVIE

Students often struggle with the conflict between responsibility to family and responsibility to self, a subject admirably addressed in this film. The story is multi-layered and uses many elements of fiction including symbol, motif, and expository phase.

Through discussion and writing assignments, students will sharpen their knowledge of several literary devices as they exercise important ELA skills and gain awareness of how the themes of the story may apply to them personally.

POSSIBLE PROBLEMS

Gilbert engages in a relationship with a lonely married woman in town.

PARENTING POINTS

Watch the movie with your child and ask discussion question #4.

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

1. What is eating Gilbert Grape? Answer for the time, up until his mother dies.

Suggested Response:

There are many ways to express the answer each of which can be turned into a discussion of a theme from the film. Strong responses include the following. Students will undoubtedly come up with more.

    • Gilbert’s mother has abdicated her role as caregiver and placed the responsibility for Arnie and many parental roles on Gilbert.
    • The limitations of small-town life.
    • The fact that to be self-fulfilled, Gilbert needs to leave home and start living his own life.
    • The fact that Gilbert, in Arnie’s words, is “shrinking”.
    • The fact that “we aren’t going anywhere”.
    • Many people are using Gilbert for their own purposes: his mother is using him so that she can abdicate her responsibilities as a parent Mrs. Carver uses him for sex and for relief from her monotonous lonely life Mr. Carver wants to sell him life-insurance even Gilbert’s boss asks for reassurance that customers will come back to the grocery store.

    2. There is a theme in this film that has very little to do with Gilbert, what is it?

    Suggested Response:

    This theme relates to the changes to Gilbert’s community. The Food Land store is putting the small grocery in which Gilbert works out of business by offering products that the small grocery cannot offer, such as live lobsters in a tank or cakes made to order. But something is lost in this new way of doing business such as deliveries and personal relationships. Also, fast food is coming to Endora under the name Burger Barn. It will put a dent in the business of the diner where Gilbert goes to meet his friends. The coming of new businesses to the town point out the inevitability of change, that change may not be completely for the better, and that it is best to make adjustments.

    3. Several motifs tie the story together and point in the direction of theme. Name one of these motifs and explain its value in the story.

    Suggested Response:

    There are several important motifs in the film. These include: (1) The coming of new businesses to the town, Food Land and Burger Barn. (2) The repeated line “We’re not going anywhere” expresses Gilbert’s problem which is reiterated. (3) The water tower and Arnie’s attraction to it point out the constant dangers from which Arnie needs protection

    4. Describe Gilbert’s feelings toward Arnie.

    Suggested Response:

    Answers will differ but a good response will recognize that Gilbert had conflicting feelings. He loved Arnie and knew that he had the responsibility, by default, to take care of his brother. However, there were times when Gilbert resented Arnie and didn’t take care of the boy, such as when Gilbert left Arnie in the bath and when he hit Arnie. Teachers should stress that these are natural feelings which many people feel when they are required to take care of loved ones who are ill or disabled.

    Additional Discussion Questions.

    More on Theme and Meaning

    Note that Question 1 – 4 in the Learning Guide also relate to theme and meaning.

    5. Describe one of the themes of this movie. What message are the filmmakers trying to send to the audience?

    Suggested Response:

    There are several themes in the film and several ways expressing each theme. These include: (1) the need for parents to take care of their children and fulfill their responsibilities and not to require that the children take care of the parents (at least until the parents are very old) (2) young people need to find a way fully develop their own lives and still meet their responsibilities where these conflict, compromises must be found (3) change is coming, change may not be entirely for the better, and that it is best to make adjustments.

    6. What role does chance play in the story and how does that affect its theme?

    Suggested Response:

    Chance plays a large role, as it does in life. Gilbert’s mother could have lived years longer. Becky’s grandmother’s camper could have given out in the town before Endora, etc. If these situations had occurred, the story would have had a much different ending. Many of the themes would not have been affected by these events. Gilbert still had to figure out how to deal with these responsibilities to Arnie.

    7. What would have happened had Gilbert’s mother not fortuitously died?

    Suggested Response:

    Any answer is speculation. Strong answers will be based on projecting the trends seen in the story. They include: Gilbert will get fed up and simply leave his sisters to take care of their mother and Arnie Gilbert stays and becomes an embittered man.

    8. Should Gilbert have just chucked his whole family and left to live his own life long before this story started?

    Suggested Response:

    Answers will differ. That is the solution that Tom Wingfield took in The Glass Menagerie. Good responses will deal with the conflict between responsibility (duty) and the right to live one’s own life, between the responsibility to self and the responsibility to others.

    9. The movie opens with a scene showing an empty vista. What does this express?

    Suggested Response:

    The isolation and loneliness of the small town.

    10. Loneliness is one of the problems exemplified in the film. In which characters do you see it most clearly and what may be the problems loneliness creates?

    Suggested Response:

    Answers will vary and should be well supported. The married woman with whom Gilbert is having an affair seems lonely despite the fact that she is married and has a family. She, like Gilbert, wants more out of life and loneliness pushes her to be unfaithful in her marriage. Gilbert is lonely in that he does not have a life of his own he is bound to Arnie which creates a sense of guilt and a feeling of being trapped. Gilbert’s mother feels the loneliness created by her husband’s suicide. Her feelings lead to obesity and the inability to function.

    11. Sometimes in literature, a writer uses the character of a child to enunciate theme. The character of Arnie has the maturity of a young child and makes two statements which strongly relate to theme. What are they and how do they relate to theme?

    Suggested Response:

    The two statements are that Gilbert is shrinking and the second is that “we aren’t going any where”. They relate to theme in that as a teenager becomes an adult, life is full of possibilities and their ability to deal with the world is expanding. Yet Gilbert, burdened by his responsibilities to his mother and to Arnie, sees the possibilities of his life closing down, limited to Endora and the deteriorating house. In that sense Gilbert is shrinking. (This statement has another meaning, of course, and that is that as Arnie grows larger, relatively speaking, Gilbert grows smaller.) The second statement, “we aren’t going anywhere”, sets out Gilbert’s predicament.

    12. In this story, who is the protagonist and who is the antagonist?

    Suggested Response:

    The protagonist is obviously Gilbert who is trapped by responsibilities that have been thrust upon him and who is at risk of losing his youth. Determining an antagonist is a little more difficult. There are a number of possibilities. Gilbert’s mother is one. She is the person who trapped Gilbert by refusing to take responsibility for Arnie and by demanding that Gilbert, along with his older sister, take care of her. Another possible antagonist is that part of Gilbert’s personality which accepted the responsibilities thrust upon him by his mother. After all, Gilbert could have just left, as did Tom in The Glass Menagerie or he could have set limits and refused to accept his mother’s abdication of her parental responsibilities.

    13. Do you find the ending of this story entirely satisfying? After all, Gilbert still has responsibility for Arnie, something that will circumscribe Gilbert’s possibilities all of his life.

    Suggested Response:

    There is no one correct answer. It is true that Gilbert would be freer to pursue his own life without having to care for Arnie. However, life is not always ideal and part of Gilbert is his love for Arnie and his acceptance of the responsibility for taking care of Arnie. And, in fact, the difficulties that these two young men will have to face are immense and their futures, at least in the short-run for Gilbert, are bleak. In their new environment, who is going to take care of Arnie while Gilbert works? Is Becky going to be willing to hitch her life to Gilbert, which includes responsibility for Arnie? What would happen to Arnie if Gilbert put him in a mental hospital or some other institution?

    The following three questions should be asked together.

    14. The adult characters who live in Endora and figure in Gilbert’s life are his mother, the owner of the grocery store where Gilbert works, Mrs. Carver and her husband. They all have something in common. What is it?

    Suggested Response:

    They are all dysfunctional and they all demand something from Gilbert.

    15. Gilbert has two friends in town who are roughly his age. What do they have in common with the adults in the town?

    Suggested Response:

    16. What are the filmmakers trying to tell us by presenting these characters as the people who are important to Gilbert’s universe?

    Suggested Response:

    Endora is not an interesting place it’s a place that Gilbert needs to get out of.

    17. Given the fact that Gilbert will take Arnie with him wherever he goes, do you see any future in Gilbert’s relationship with Becky or with any other woman?

    Suggested Response:

    It will be difficult for Gilbert to have a relationship with any woman because Arnie take up a lot of Gilbert’s time and attention.

    Expository Phase

    18. This story has an expository phase. When does it end and what function does it play in the story?

    Suggested Response:

    The expository phase ends when Gilbert’s truck drives up to the market where he works. In the expository phase in What’s Eating Gilbert Grape the audience has been introduced to the characters in Gilbert’s family, his restricted life (the conflict), the fact that he lives in a small town undergoing pressure for change from, for example, a new large supermarket and last but not least, Becky’s grandmother’s camper has broken down and she and her grandmother have stopped in Endora bringing into the story an important force that will help Gilbert break out of the constraints that bind him to the town.

    Symbol

    19. What does the name of the town tell the viewer about the place in which Gilbert lives?

    Suggested Response:

    That it’s a dead end a place from which Gilbert must escape if he is going to live a satisfying life.

    20. Describe a symbol that is used in the story.

    Suggested Response:

    Here are several. There are indubitably more.
    The house = Gilbert’s family in its dysfunctional state

    Arnie jumping on Gilbert’s back and being almost too heavy for Gilbert to take = Gilberts’ obligations are about to crush him

    the water tower = the heights Arnie will never achieve and the danger he is in all the time

    Miscellaneous

    21. Gilbert says to Arnie, “Match in the gas tank: Boom, Boom!” and Arnie comes down from the water tank. How do a match and a gas tank figure in the end of the story?

    Suggested Response:

    Answers will vary. Students should note that Gilbert got Arnie to come down from the water tank by reciting this line and that it was a match and gasoline that burned down the family home at the end of the film. In each case, the problem was ended.


    Is it worth the risk of pesticide to eat non-organic grapes?

    If we all had access to affordable organic grapes, we would probably all choose those over conventionally grown ones. But because buying organic comes at a higher price-point and is not even an available option for everyone all year-round, it’s not that simple of a decision.

    Given what we know about the pesticide residue on conventionally grown grapes, even after they have been washed, a lot of us are left feeling unsure about whether it’s worth the risk to eat grapes that aren’t organic. And some are choosing to skip eating the Dirty Dozen produce like grapes altogether if they are not organic.

    This is NOT necessary, though. Do wash your produce thoroughly, but don’t skimp on fresh fruits and vegetables in your diet in order to avoid pesticides.

    Even the Environmental Working Group, a leader in the cause against harmful chemicals being used in food and products, is very clear on their stance. Here’s what they say on their site.

    So if for any reason organic is not an option for you, it is much better to eat conventionally grown produce than it is to avoid eating it. Including produce on the Dirty Dozen list.

    Just wash your grapes really well using one of the 3 methods in this post, and reap the benefits of including fresh fruits and veggies in your diet.

    About Natalie Clausen

    Natalie Clausen is a green living blogger, speech-language pathologist, and mother of five in Tucson, Arizona. When she's not working or shuttling her kids, you'll likely find her rocking out to Cage The Elephant or Pearl Jam as she concocts her next non-toxic DIY recipe.


    Watch the video: Γιατί πρέπει να τρώμε σταφύλια (May 2022).